People Group Highlights

“All nations will come and worship before you."

- Revelations 15:4

Métis of Canada

People Group Info

Total Population: 447,655

ROP3 Code: 107903
IMB Affinity Group: American Peoples
Affinity Bloc: North American Peoples
People Cluster: North American Indigenous
Language: French - (fra)
Religion: Christianity
Country of Origin: Canada

Photo of Elsie Yanik — Métis Elder.

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Majority Located Where

  Winnipeg, MB - 46,070

  , AB - 4,860

The above People Group marker population includes the population of all 8 Métis Settlements in Alberta.

Métis settlements in Alberta include Buffalo Lake, East Prairie, Elizabeth, Fishing Lake, Gift Lake, Kikino, Paddle Prairie, and Peavine.

Alberta is home to the largest Métis population.

Click here to recommend other locations where this People Group resides.

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Brief Profile

The Métis are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.

In 2003, the Supreme Court of Canada defined Métis as someone who self-identifies as Métis, has an ancestral connection to the historic Métis community, and is accepted by the modern community with continuity to the historic Métis community.

Historically, the traditional Métis "homeland" included much of the Canadian Prairies centering on southern and central parts of Manitoba.

They now are dispersed throughout Canada, residing in both rural and urban areas.

The Métis today predominantly speak French, with English a strong second language.

The blending of European and Indigenous traditions has created a unique and rich Métis culture. In traditional music and dance, Métis fiddling and jigging combine European and Indigenous influences (see Music of the Métis). Métis fiddle music is generally up-tempo and is accompanied by the fast footwork of jiggers. Though there are many fiddle tunes and dances, the most well-known is the Red River Jig, which emerged in the early to mid-1700s. Today, the Métis people still perform traditional music and dances at local and national competitions, community gatherings, powwows and conferences. Citation from Canadian Encyclopedia

The religious beliefs of the Métis people were a combination of two worlds, like most aspects of their culture. Their spirituality was influenced by both their mothers’ Native heritage and their fathers’ more European beliefs. It was common for the Métis to combine elements of Native (mostly Ojibwa and Cree), and Catholic or Protestant religions. Church - Many Métis people went to Catholic or Protestant churches on a regular basis. Marriage and other customs - Many Métis were married in a church (following Catholic or Protestant traditions) and were buried in Catholic or Protestant cemeteries.

Prayer Points

  • Pray God will work in the minds and hearts of Métis to understand and receive the message of Christ.
  • Pray Métis Christians will boldly share the message of Christ with the least reached peoples in North America.

People Group Resources

Native Americans - Worldview and Trends
Learn about Native Americans, their Worldview and Trends.

Learning Resources

Learn more about "Learning Paths"
Online Courses for embracing, encountering and engaging diaspora people. Work at your own pace. Begin anytime and complete the course according to your schedule. Interactive, Hands-On Application.

Learn more about "Reaching the Nations"
This book delineates five disciplines Christians should develop in order to effectively reach the nations. More specifically, it will guide Christians to develop an engagement strategy in their locale.

Other Resources

Know God in 98 Languages
A CRU resource with 9 different witnessing models (e.g. 4 Spiritual Laws, etc.) in 98 languages.

Prayer Guide for Unreached Peoples
A 30 day guide to pray for unreached people groups.

Bible - French
The Biblica translation of the Bible for the French language.

Prayer Guide using the GOSPELS acronym
A prayer guide that utilizes the acronym GOSPELS to pray for workers among diaspora.

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